ielts/ toefl / pte essay: Prompt, Plan, Produce, Proofread

Imagine you are in the examination-hall!!

You are stressed. Writing is the last section of the test, so you are a little tired too…You want to finish it fast and go home.. You want to get out of this claustrophobic room as quickly as possible…

And now you read the essay title..You find it pretty straightforward.. so you read it casually….may be twice..

And then you start your writing… WITHOUT PLANNING…..
WAIT… YOU ARE ACTUALLY HEADING FOR A DISASTER…

It is essential to follow the right steps, every-time you write an essay. You need to understand the main-theme, and the sub-theme of the question… you need to decide.. your line of argument.. your exception paragraph… your introduction… body.. conclusion.. before you write the first line..

Here are the steps you are advised to follow:
PROMPT — PLAN — PRODUCE — PROOFREAD

1. Prompt: Understand the question.. Do STOP (Scope / Tone / Organization / Purpose) of the question.

2. Make a rough draft of what you want title.

3. Write your essay.. talking about one theme in one paragraph..Follow a template you mastered..

4. Proofread your essay.

Here is one useful way to plan.. try BRAIN DUMP..
Put your thoughts on paper.. quickly.. without judging..without thinking about spellings.. or flow.. just keep writing everything that comes in your mind.. read the topic.. and make sure you address all the keywords in the prompt.

From this dump, you can choose your ideas later. You can discard the ones which do not make sense to you.. and select the ones that you like.

Learn common phrases

Learn phrases to improve your writing and speaking skills

Essay Writing TIps

Learning phrases can be a fun-and-easy way to improve writing and speaking skills.

A list of ready to use phrases add to your speed and persuasiveness.

Here is a list that you can use

 

 

 

Phrase Meaning Sentence Where Purpose
In today’s modern world In the current times In today’s modern world computers have taken the central stage in our lives.

In today’s modern world, travelling has become easy because of metro train.

Beginning To describe a trend
Around the globe Around the world; When talking about a universal trend Around the globe, there is a growing realization about the importance of health.

Around the globe, more and more people are taking to Yoga.

Anywhere To describe a trend
Although /while To express contradicting cause and effect Although he was old, he was very energetic. Although I am tired, I will teach you. Although it is too late, we need to consult the doctor right now. Anywhere contradiction
In my opinion In my view In my opinion health takes precedence over money. In my opinion right education or more important than anything else. Anywhere your view
The basis for my views… Tell the reason for your views The basis for my views are personal, academic and professional. Beginning your view
From a … point of view To begin a paragraph From the personal point of view Beginning of a para your view
From an …. viewpoint To express a viewpoint From an academic viewpoint, children have no choice but to master this technological invention.. Beginning of a para your view
For instance / for example / case in point… To give an example For instance, when as a student, I have seen how computers can help us learn difficult subjects, through simulation. Anywhere example
From a … perspective To express a viewpoint.. at the beginning of a para From professional perspective knowledge of computers help you to become more employable. Beginning of a para your view
In conclusion, in gist, To give a gist, In conclusion, your critics are the ones who tell you, that they care. End conclude
Over the last half century To tell a trend… something going on for some years Over the last half century, the pace of change has been beyond our wildest expectations. Beginning To describe a trend
This has been driven by Cause and effect relationship There has been a lot of discussion about education among all circles.. This has been driven by unprecedented competition.

Driven by his desire to start his own business, Steve worked hard during his initial days.

Modi introduced demonetization, driven by his desire to curb black-money.

Anywhere cause and effect
This means that To extend an idea.. In other words… This means that learning computers is no more a choice, but an unacceptable fact of life. Conclusion extend an idea
Living in denial To contradict; telling something is a myth. Thinking that things will not change is like living in denial. Anywhere your view
Sooner or later To tell about something inevitable (surety) Sooner or later, people will realize the importance of health. Anywhere To describe a trend
No longer exist To tell about something old The old familiar jobs no longer exist Anywhere to describe your view
Here to stay Something that has become a part and parcel of life. An in thing. Computers are here to stay; It behoves us to learn and use them. Anywhere trend
However To contradict an idea However, every change is not favourable. Anywhere contradiction
Yet Contradiction Parenting is such an important topic, yet only a few schools have included it in their curriculum. Anywhere contradiction
Stimulating and energising Talking about something positive Doing exercises can be stimulating and energising for you.
Doing exercises keeps you stimulated and energised.
Our hobbies keep us stimuated and energised.
It was a stimulating and energising experience.
Pursuing a hobby can be very stimulating and energising.
Anywhere your view
Pursue To follow I want to pursue a career in the field of education.
I pursued a lot of hobbies when I was in school.
Pursue your interests; you will never get bored.
Anywhere general phrase
In essence To conclusion In essence, if you are healthy, you can enjoy your life more than the one who is not.

In essence practice makes a man perfect.

In essensce books are our best friends.

Conclusion conclude
Change is the only constant in the world.. To describe something that is inevitable Change is the only constant in the world… Beginning trend
Thanks to unprecedented… To describe some modern developments Thanks to unprecedented developments in the field of computing, our lives are truly dependent on computers today.

Thanks to unprecedented development in infrastructure tourists from abroad prefer to visit Gujrat.

Thanks to easy access to money, many younsters start their own business.

Anywhere trend
Giving way to Getting replaced by The older methods are giving way to the newer and better ones.
In the modern world man made things are giving way to electronic machines.

Old traditions are giving way to new thinking.

Anywhere trend
Even…. To extend an idea.. Electronic equipments are getting more and more compact. Even mobile phones, have a camera and a radio. Anywhere trend
Prevalent Common Bulky computers were prevalent in earlier days.
Life style diseases are very prevalent these days.
Anywhere trend
On one hand…. ; on the other hand.. To extend an idea On one hand, education makes a person more employable; on the other hand, it helps bringing harmony in the society. Anywhere your view
Inevitable truth Something unavoidable Death is an inevitable truth; Change is an inevitable truth. Anywhere your view
Exaggeration Unrealistic; un real; an overstatement To say that knowledge and ideas alone can solve our problems is an exageration.

Advertisemnts have a right to exaggerate.

Anywhere your view

Part 1 – Essay Writing Tips

essay writing tips

Scored 8 bands in IELTS

Essay Writing Tips

1. Please read your essay AT LEAST TWICE before submitting. It is YOU who should CORRECT YOUR ERRORS which you can. Don’t let any error slip into your essay WHICH YOU CAN CORRECT.
Essay Writing TIps
Scored 7 bands in IELTS Writing in first attempt
2. Use short expressions and sentences. For example, in the  intro you can say say “Vacations help you to rejuvenate and refresh by doing something different from your routine life. It makes a person more productive and peaceful. There are different views and counter-views about the duration of paid-vacations. Let us analyze them to understand various aspects of this subject.
3. Let the subject sink into you intelligence completely. Analyse views and counter-views deeply. Then write your essay.
4. Be at peace with yourself. Remember, you are already there. Your handwriting is beautiful and you already know how to write a good essay. Just show what you really think about the topic. Don’t worry too much about vocabulary or grammar. You can take care of itafter writing the essay. Give yourself at least 5 minutes to reach and check.
5. Embrace speed. Move past every sentence quickly. Think once before writing. But, don’t think too much before writing. Write short and crisp paragraphs. Follow PEE structure while writing paragraphs.

An essay is an integral part of IELTS / TOEFL / SAT / PTE and other English tests.

This week we will discuss essential skills to score high on essays.

  • Follow a fixed process – Prompt  / Plan / Produce / Proofread

  • Develop a list of standard phrases to be used in different sections of the essay
  • Divide your time into – planing, writing, and checking

Template for Introduction

  • Line 1: State the Obvious
  • Line 2: State your view
  • Line 3: Invite for further discussion

Template for Body

  • Use PEE (Point / Example / Explanation)

Point – The topic sentence of the paragraph

Example – This is optional.. If you wish to support your idea with a cogent example, put it here.

Explanation: To further your expand your point of view.

TIP: To prepare writing essays… you can divide your preparation into following sections

  1. Understanding nature of essay… Analyse different varieties of essays and develop structure on them.
  2. Develop  designs/Templates for each of the essay types
  3. Develop standard vocabulary for each of the essay types
  4. Practice writing full essays.. Take one type at a time and write a few essays on that type, till you master it.
  5. Maintain a Corrections Log

Here is an example

Type: Decision Essay.. You have to defend one side of the argument…

Topic: Some people believe that it is the individual faith that helps recovery rather than the quality of treatment or the qualifications of the doctor.
What is more important according to you?

 Sample 1

Introduction

Personal faith of the patient and the qualifications of a doctor, both are vital in successful treatment. However, I tend to believe, that a qualified practitioner plays far more important role. A deep dive into the subject will help to understand various aspects of it. 

II Para: My Agenda: PEE … Point Example Explanation

There are many reasons to give higher priority to an able hand. By virtue of treating many patients with similar ailments, a doctor gains necessary experience to prescribe proper medicine based on the symptoms, age and other factors. To quote an example, one of my friends who was unconscious after an accident. He was saved because he got proper medical assistance immediately. As he was unconscious, he did not even know about the name of the doctor or type of medication given to him. Clearly, his faith did not play any role in his recovery. Similarly, we see many examples of patients with severe diseases such as cancer, lead a normal life, because of the treatment from an able doctor. Advancements in the field of medicine and surgery have further enabled doctors to treat dreaded diseases. They constantly evolve their practices and methods to provide better treatment.

Exception Paragraph

On the other hand, newspapers are replete with examples of sufferers losing this lives because of some quacks. They go with a lot of faith, but because of inappropriate medicines, they are killed or their disease gets worsened. (aggravated). The purpose is not to undermine, the value of faith, but a doctor plays a more important role.

Conclusion

To conclude, faith acts a catalyst in the process of treatment, however it is the treatment given by an expert that actually cures a patient.

 

 

 

 

Sample 2

 

Undeniably, qualifications of doctor as well as personal faith affect a patient. However, if I have to tell one over the other, I would say it is the doctor’s abilities that come first. A deep dive into the subject will help us to understand all the related aspects to this preposition.

Qualifications and experience of a doctor play a pivotal role in the treatment of a patient. We can take the example of a child in this case. A 5 years old child is too small to understand faith. Yet, when he is given proper treatment, he responds well and recovers quickly. The case is similar for grown-ups as well. Even when we go with no faith, our bodies respond positively to good treatment. On the contrary, wrong medication does inflict harm on our body. Our faith does little to save us from the hands of an unqualified practitioner.

Faith also plays its due role. It is generally seen that patients with faith recover and recuperate faster than those without. However, it would be presumptuous to put faith at a higher pedestal than the qualifications and experience of an able doctor. Newspapers are replete with reports about how naive people become victim of fake treatments given by quacks. A few even lose their lives as a result of taking such medicines. Further, there are many whose diseases get aggravated by consuming medicines prescribed by such impostors.

In the final analysis, treatment given by a knowledgeable and qualified doctor is the primary determinant. Faith and attitude affects the speed of recovery to a certain extent.

 Another conclusion

 To conclude, I firmly believe that personal faith can-not be a substitute for a good doctor. I strongly advise to go with a good doctor and then take medicines with faith.